One and a half Century of Phonosurgery
From an outrageous audacity to an advanced standard.
A presentation at the 5th International Congress of the World Voice Consortium, Luxor, Egypt, October 27-31, 2012. By Juergen Wendler.
Horace Green, New York, published in 1852, according to the historical overview of Steven Zeitels in Bob Sataloff’s big textbook (with an excellent chapter on Voice Surgery by the editor himself) the first report of an excision of a polypoid mass from the laryngeal ventricle area of an 11 years old girl by direct laryngoscopy, using a bent tongue spatula under sunlight. But, the reason was airway obstruction, not the voice. …